Articulated Frame (Concrete and Steel) / (1950s – 1960s)

According to the City of Olympia Heritage Commission, the design of Articulated Frame buildings emphasize solidity, regularity, and the structural bones of buildings. In these buildings, supporting columns are exposed and emphasized on the exterior. With supports on the outside, the need for internal columns is eliminated and interior spaces are opened up. In A Field Guide to Contemporary American Architecture, Carole Rifkind describes two primary kinds of Articulated Frame buildings, those with exposed structures of steel and those with concrete. Most of her examples are high-rises, which are built at a much larger scale than many other residential buildings.

Identifying Features

  • Use of modern materials
  • extreme angles and cures
  • large massing
  • uniquely designed


Mid-Twentieth Century Olympia: A Context Statement on Local History and Modern Architecture, 1945-1975.” City of Olympia Heritage Commission. Olympia, WA: April 2008. PDF Document. (accessed Feb. 28,2010).