Shotgun (1880-1940)

This style features a narrow gable front and is one room wide. The shotgun house dominated southern neighborhoods from the 1880s- 1930’s and ranged from elaborate to simple folk houses. It became popular during the black freedom movement when large groups of African-Americans moved to urban centers after the civil war. Sources for the style include the West Indies, Africa, and Haiti.

 

Source:

A Field Guide to American Houses by Virginia and Lee McAlester