Mediterranean Revival (1917-1930s)

According to Wikipedia,

“The Mediterranean Revival was an eclectic design style movement that was first introduced in the United States around the turn of the nineteenth century, and came into prominence in the 1920s and 1930s. The style evolved from “rekindled interest in Italian Renaissance palaces” and seaside villas dating from the sixteenth century, and can be found predominantly in California and Florida due to the popular association of these coastal regions with Mediterranean resorts.

Architects August Geiger and Addison Mizner did much to popularize this style in Florida; Sumner Spaulding and Paul Williams did likewise on the West Coast. Structures are typically multi-story and based on a rectangular floor plan, and feature massive, symmetrical primary façades. Mediterranean Revival is generally characterized by stuccoed wall surfaces, flat or low-pitched terra cotta and tile roofs, arches, scrolled or tile-capped parapet walls and articulated door surrounds. Feature detailing is occasionally executed in keystone.

Balconies and window grilles are common, and are generally fabricated out of wrought iron or wood. Ornamentation can range from simple to dramatic, and may draw from a number of Mediterranean references. Classical, Spanish, or Beaux-Arts architecture details are often incorporated into the design, as are lush gardens.

The style was most commonly applied to hotels, apartment buildings, commercial structures, and even modest residences. Mediterranean Revival was one of several architectural styles utilized extensively by the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe and Southern Pacific Railroads when designing their depots in California.”

Identifying Features:

  • Applied Spanish baroque decoration around openings, balconies, and cornices
  • Parapets
  • Twisted columns
  • Pediments
  • Classical details Arches often featured
  • stucco walls
  • red tile roofs
  • wrought iron grilles and railings
  • wood brackets and balconies, and oolitic limestone
  • ceramic tile and terra cotta for ornament
  • Patios, courtyards, balconies, and loggias rather than front porch
  • Casement windows

Sources:

Images:

  1. http://www.emporis.com/application/?nav=image&id=647618
  2. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Former_ATSF_Station_in_Orange_CA_7-14-04.jpg
  3. http://www.laokay.com/lathumb/laphoto/IrvingGill9.jpg
  4. http://www.traveljournals.net/pictures/l/4/48588-casa-casuarina-versaces-mega-mansion-he-was-shot-dead-on-the-front-steps-miami-united-states.jpg